Control Systems and Computers, N5, 2017, Article 1


Upr. sist. maš., 2017, Issue 5 (271), pp. 3-15.

UDC 004.25; 004.27; 004.382.2

A.V. Palagin 1, V.P. Boyun2, Yu.S. Yakovlev3

1 Academician of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, E-mail:,

2 Doctor of Technical Sciences, E-mail:

3 Doctor of Technical Sciences,

V.M. Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Glushkov ave., 40, Kyiv, 03187, Ukraine

The Problems of Creation the Computer Systems with Nаnоelement Base Application

The purpose. In connection with necessity of increasing the productivity of computer systems at the expense of the sizes of elements reduction, the computers constructed on the fourth generation element base have appeared incapable. The further reduction of the solid-state element base executed on chips of the big integrated schemes (BIS) cannot render the essential influence on increasing the systems productivity as the sizes of elements come nearer to the atomic. There was a necessity of transition to the fifth generation element base, which is executed in nanotechnology. In this connection the purpose can be formulated as follows: to show the list of problems with their interrelations at transition of element base to the nanotechnology level and to define the features of each type nanotechnology (molecular, optical – photon, quantum, neural, DNA), generating these problems. Thus, the ontology fragment is developed, establishing interrelations between the specified problems. The directions for their decision are formulated. Examples of concrete scopes using the separate products executed on nanotechnology are presented where their use shows the greatest effect.

Methods. We used the methods of the modern status analysis of every specified type of the element base executed in nanotechnology, and the problems, which are subject to the decision while creation the units and blocks using such element base. Thus, the ontological approach is applied for establishing the interrelations between the problems.

Result. Peculiarities of each type of nanotechnology (molecular, optical – photon, quantum, neural, DNA) are allocated, generating the problems which are necessary for solving while creation the units and blocks, and also the computers using element base, executed in nanotechnology. The ontology fragment is developed, establishing interrelations between these problems.

The conclusion. Speaking about the system approach for solving the set of the above listed problems, it is possible to notice its high complexity demanding the big financing, that only under the force to the large companies such as Intel, Microsoft, etc. Therefore, so far only some private problems on creation the means in nanotechnology area are solved, disregarding the system problems.

All prototypes of the computers of the future (DNA-computers, molecular and photon, etc.) are the different sides of a single whole – an idea of creation the full-function quantum computer. All microparticles, whether it is quanta, atoms or molecules – can be described by the wave state function and submit to uniform laws of quantum mechanics. Thus, jobs over each type of computers are based on the one theoretical base. Now the area of DNA-calculations stays at a stage of acknowledgement of the concept. The quantum computer will not be the competitor to the present ones, more likely, it is intended for the decision problems with a large quantity of the initial information and the big number of variables. Such problems characterize the cryptography systems and safe data transmission, biology and medicine, modelling of quantum systems, optimization of various processes. However, with confidence it is possible to assert, that nanotechnologies will declare itself, having shown the real possibilities, in the next decades.

Keywords: computer systems, nanotechnology, ontological approach, the quantum computer.

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Received 04.10.2017