Control Systems and Computers, N3, 2018, Article 8


Upr. sist. maš., 2018, Issue 3 (275), pp. 85-96.

UDK 122.128+621.3/018.6+681.5/015/0.2+004.383.4+612/013/015.3

V.K. Bilyk, PhD in Techn. Sciences, Ukraine, Institute of Cybernetics of NASU, 03187, Kiev, Glushkov Avenue, 40,


Introduction. Proceeding from the philosophical principle of the whole world unity and its diversity, we consider the identification of analogies in mechanics, electrical engineering and in biology with the goal of the constructing technical models for the realization of the certain functions of living objects with the aim of possible lost functions restoration by implanting models in living tissues.

Purpose of the article. It is proved (shown) that resonant nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) can be the elementary bricks for constructing technical models of living objects.

Methods. Comparative analysis and the identification of analogies in the simplest examples of infinite motion, as the main sign of life, in mechanics, electrical engineering and nanoelectronics.

Result. The distinctive features of objects of living nature and the functional model of an element of living matter are considered. It is suggested to rank the signs according to their importance for life. Attention is paid to the fact that rotational motion or periodic processes can be regarded as of a general nature and are characteristic as the objects of both living and nonliving nature. It is proposed to simulate living objects using self-oscillating systems. We have considered the most complex technical model for the representation of the transition process from the non-living at the simplest example of a resonant four-terminal network (NEMS).The examples of the neural network elements are presented: axon and neuron based on NEMS. In accordance with the analogies, the implementation of pneumatic and hydraulic resonance four-ports for the modeling the certain functions of the respiratory and circulatory organs can be considered.

Conclusion. Analyzing the analogies, being found in engineering and in live, gives us the reason to assume that the motion in engineering is similar to the exchange processes in living systems and has a self-oscillatory character, but differs in the form of motion carrier having its own specifics.

Today, self-oscillating resonant NEMS can be considered as one of the acceptable elements for modeling some parts of living systems. By the functions performed (and not by structure), they can replace some objects of living nature, but by other means. The advantage of the proposal is that the size and energy consumption of NEMS allow us to implant them in living tissues. Un the future, it may be an alternative to transplanting living tissues (organs) for restoring some functions in living organisms.

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Keywords: living and nonliving, theory of analogy, modeling of complex systems, periodic processes, resonant four ports, self-oscillating systems, nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS).


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Received 07.05.2018